COVID-19 Vocabulary: A Guide to Coronavirus-Related Words

COVID-19 is a respiratory illness caused by coronavirus; one that is characterised by fever, cough, and shortness of breath, and may lead to pneumonia and respiratory failure. ‘COVID-19’ is an acronym formed from portions of two distinct words (COronaVIrus & Disease) and a date (‘19‘ from 2019). 

Anosmiaa symptom of COVID-19; refers to losing your
sense of smell as a result of infection of
respiratory system.
Asymptomaticnot showing any symptoms of illness or disease.
Asymptomatic people can still have and spread
Carriera person or animal that transmits the disease
to others, whether suffering from it themselves
or not.
the spread of a contagious disease in a
geographic area in which there is no knowledge
of how someone contracted the disease.
Comorbiditywhen a person has more than one health
condition at the same time. Comorbid
conditions can make a person more vulnerable
to illness from other causes, like COVID-19.
Epidemicoccurs when a disease rapidly spreads to a
large number of people within a community,
population, or region. 
Herd immunityalso known as community immunity, this is
the reduction in risk of infection within a
population, often because of previous exposure
or vaccination.
Isolationseparation of infected people from healthy
people for serious contagious diseases like
Lockdownan emergency measure in which individuals
are restricted from certain areas in an attempt
to control exposure or transmission of disease. 
Myalgiaa symptom of COVID-19, refers to muscle pain.
Pandemica worldwide outbreak of a disease. The World Health Organization (WHO) is responsible for declaring pandemics because it has access to global public health data.
PPEstands for Personal Protective Equipment. It is a set of special clothing, headgear, goggles, masks and other garments that shield people from injury or infection.
Proningthe practice of repositioning a patient in their hospital bed so they’re lying on their stomach or on their side rather than on their back. Doctors have discovered that for patients with COVID-19, redistributing body weight this way can improve oxygen saturation levels, in many cases reducing the need for a ventilator. 
SARSstands for Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome. It is the official name (SARS-CoV-2) of the coronavirus that causes COVID.
also called physical distancing, it means putting space between yourself and other people at all times. The goal is to slow down how fast an infection spreads.
Vaccinemedicines that help prepare our immune systems to defend against infection from certain diseases. Usually vaccines are given before the person is exposed to the disease. Some vaccines provide lifelong immunity but others may require ‘booster shots’ to maintain immunity.
Ventilatora machine that takes over the breathing process when patients can’t breathe well enough on their own (respiratory failure), causing a buildup of carbon dioxide in the blood that can lead to organ damage.
Zoonosisan infectious disease caused by a pathogen (bacteria, virus, or parasite) that has jumped from an animal to a human.

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